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English Language Guide

English Language Guide 

ENGLISH GRAMMAR



This glossary provides definitions and explanations of English grammar terms. This is excellent for your grammar understanding of Terms. What is an adjective, verb, noun, preposition?

 English Grammar
» Abstract Noun
» Active
» Adjective
» Adjunct
» Adverb
» Agent
» Agreement
» Article
» Aspect
» Auxiliary verb
» Base Form
» Clause
» Common Noun
» Concrete Noun
» Complex Preposition
» Conditionals
» Conjunction
» Copula Verb
» Count Noun
» Declarative Sentence
» Defining Relative Clause
» Definite article
» Demonstrative pronoun
» Denominal Adjective
» Determiner
» Direct Object
» Disjunct
» Ditransitive Verb
» Dynamic Verb
» Exclamative Sentence
» Finite Verb
» Gender
» Gerund

» Imperative
» Indefinite Article
» Indirect Object
» Infinitive
» Interrogative Pronoun
» Interrogative Sentence
» Irregular Verb
» Modal
» Non-Defining Relative Clause
» Noun
» Number
» Object
» Participles
» Passive
» Personal Pronoun
» Phrasal Verb
» Possessive Adjective
» Possessive Pronoun
» Predicate
» Predicative Adjective
» Preposition
» Pronouns
» Proper Noun
» Reciprocal pronoun
» Reflexive Pronoun
» Relative Pronoun
» Reported Speech
» Subject
» Substantive
» Superlative
» Uncountable Noun
» Verbs
» Voice

 

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OWL Grammar, Punctuation, and Spelling

Grammar, Punctuation, and Spelling

Brought to you by the Purdue University Online Writing Lab.

In this section of our site, we offer you handouts and exercises on grammar, spelling, and punctuation. We also have PowerPoint presentations related to grammar, and we have an entire section of handouts and resources for English as a Second Language learners that might also prove useful.

We now have printer friendly versions and Adobe PDF versions of all of these handouts available. Visit our printer-friendly grammar, spelling, and punctuation index to download and print any of these handouts, or click on the link on any of the handouts to visit the printer-friendly version.

Grammar

Adjectives and adverbs

Nouns

Prepositions

Pronouns

Sentence structure

Verbs


Punctuation

Apostrophes and Quotation Marks

Commas

Hyphens

Other punctuation

Sentence Punctuation


Spelling

 

Exercises

Try our interactive exercises index for interactive versions of some of these exercises.

© http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/grammar/

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Guide to Grammar & Writing

 

  Guide to Grammar & Writing [Logo]
INDEX

This index includes 427 references to both the Guide to Grammar and Writing and Principles of Composition. It does not, however, include references to the interactive Quizzes or to the Grammarlogs (posted responses to ASK GRAMMAR queries). The Frequently Asked Questions page and the Guide's Search Engine will also help you find help on grammatical issues, tips on composition, and advice on English usage.


A, An, The (articles)
A- Adjectives
Abbreviations
Abstract Nouns
Absolute Phrases
Acronyms (plurals of)
Acronyms (redundancy)
Active Voice (in verbs)
A.D. and B.C.
Adjectives
Adjective Clauses
Adjectival Labels
Adjuncts
Adverbs
Adverb Clauses
Adverbial Conjunctions
Agenda (for meetings)
Agent (of a sentence)
Agreement: Pron. & Ant.
Agreement: Subj. - Verb
Alphabetical Order
Amplifiers
Analysis-Classification
And to begin sent.
Anomalous Anonymies
Antecedent
Apologetic Quotation Marks
Apostrophe
APA-style Documentation
Appositive Phrases
Argumentative Essays
Articles
Articles & Acronyms
As versus Like
Ask Grammar
Attributive Noun
Author's Credentials
Auxiliary Verbs
Awards (for this site)
Bad and Badly
Bare Infinitive
"Be" (the verb)
Because to begin sent.
Because clause
Bible (parallelism)
Bookshelf (recommended)
Brackets
Brainstorming
British Spelling
Bulleted Lists
Bush, George W., solecisms
Business Letter (format)
But to begin sent.
Can and Could
Capitalization
Case (of pronouns)
Cases in appositives
Catenative Verbs
Causative Verbs
Cause-Effect Essays
Classification-Analysis
Clauses
Cleft Sentences
Clichés (Eliminating)
Clustering (ideas)
Coherence
Collective Adjectives
Collective Nouns
Colon
Combining Sentences
Commas
Comma Splices
Company Names
Comparative Adjectives
Comparative Adverbs
Comparison-Contrast
Complements
Complete Predicates
Complex Sentences
Compositions (writing)
Compound Plurals
Compound Possessives
Compound Words
Compound Sentences
Compounded Subjects/Objects
Compound-Complex Sentences
Compounding Pronouns
Computers and Writing
Concluding Paragraphs
Concrete Language
Concise Sentences
Conditional Verbs
Conditional (1st, 2nd, 3rd)
Confusion (Eliminating)
Conjunctions
Conjunctive Adverbs
Conjuncts
Contractions
Contractions (in essays)
Coordinate Adjectives
Coordinating Conjunctions
Copulas (verbs)
Correlative Conjunctions
Could
Count Nouns
Cumulative Sentences
Dangling Modifiers
Dashes
Deadly Sin Checklist
Definition Essays
Degrees (adj) w/ premodifiers
Demonstrative Pronouns
Dependent Clauses
Descriptive Essays
Determiners
Diagramming Sentences
Dictionaries, Thesauri (list)
Direct Objects
Directory of Tenses
Discontinuous noun phrase
Disjuncts
Display (Vertical) Lists
Ditransitive Verbs
Do, Does, Did
Do versus Make
Double Negatives
Double Possessives
Double Prepositions
Double Punctuation
Downtoners
Dynamic Verbs
Editing/Proofreading
E.g. and i.e.
Ellipsis
Elliptical Clauses
E-mail (capitals)
Emphasizers
Emphatic Sentences
Essay Writing
Essential Clauses

Euphemism
Evaluative Essays
Examples (in essays)
Exclamation Mark
Expletive Constructions
Factitive Verbs
Family Names (plurals)
FANBOYS
FAQ (page)
Few and A Few
Fewer and Less
Finite Verbs
First Conditional
Five-Paragraph Essay
Focus Adverbs
Format Requirements
Fragments
Freewriting
Freq. Asked Questions
Fused Sentences
Future Tenses
Gender Problems
Gerunds
Gerunds vs Infinitives
Gerund Phrases
Gettysburg Address (parallelism)
Going to . . .
Good and Well
GRAMMARLOGS (answers)
GrammarPoll
GrammarRock Lyrics
Guestbook
Guestbook Archives
Have, Has, and Had
Helping Verbs
Historical (a/an)
Holidays (forms)
Homonyms/Homophones
Hyphens
I.e. and e.g.
Imperative Mood
Indefinite Pronouns
Indefinite Relative Pronouns
Independent Clauses
Indicative Mood
Indirect Objects
Indirect Questions
Indirect Quotations
Indirect Speech
Infinitives
Infinitive Phrases
Initials
Intensifiers (adverbs)
Intensifiers (Unnecessary)
Intensive Pronouns
Interjections
Internet (writing resource)
Interrobang
Interrogative Adjectives
Interrogative Pronouns
Intransitive Verbs
Introductory Paragraphs
Inversion (of subj-verb)
Irregular Plurals
Irregular Verb Forms
Italics
Its versus It's
Jr., Sr., etc.
Lay, lie
Less and Fewer
Like versus As
Linking Verbs
Lists
Literature (writing about)
Little and A Little
Logic
Mass Nouns
May and Might
Minutes (for meetings)
Misplaced Modifiers
Mixed Constructions
Mixed Metaphors
MLA-style documentation
Mnemonics (spelling)
Modal Auxiliary Verbs
Modifiers
Modifier Placement
Moods of Verbs
More Than vs Over
Mutating/Mutated Plurals
Myself, me
Narrative Essays
Nonrestrictive Clauses
Negative Adverbs
Nominative Absolute
Nominative Possessive
Non-Count Nouns
None (singular/plural)
Non-Finite Verbs
Nouns
Noun Clauses
Noun Markers
Noun of Address
Noun Phrases
NOTORIOUS CONFUSABLES
Numbered Lists
Numbers (Using)
Object Complements
Objectivity (maintaining)
Objects
One (as a pronoun)
Online Resources
Outlining
Over vs. more than
Oxford Comma
Packed Noun Phrases
Paragraphs
Parallelism
Parentheses
Parenthetical Elements
Participles
Participial Phrases
Particles
Parts of Speech
Passive Gerunds
Passive Infinitives
Passive Participles
Passive Voice (in verbs)
Perfect Infinitive
Periodic Sentences
Periods
Person (of pronouns)
Personal Essays
Personal Pronouns
Phrasal Modals
Phrasal Verbs
Phrases
Plagiarism (avoiding)

Plague Words
Pleonasm
Plural Noun Forms
Plurals & Apostrophes
Plurals of Compounds
Point of View
Possessives
Possessive w/ Gerunds
Powerpoint Presentations
Predeterminers
Predicate Adjectives
Predicate Nominative
Predicates
Prefixes
Preposition (end of sent.)
Prepositions
Prepositions (list)
Prepositions, Superfluous
Prepositional Phrases
Primer Language (Avoiding)
Process Essays
Progressive Verbs
Pronouns (Defined)
Pronoun - Ant. Agrmnt
Pronouns & Nouns Combined
Pronoun Cases
Pronoun Consistency
Proofreading/Editing
Proofreading Symbols
Proper Adjectives
Proper Nouns
Punctuation
Purpose (in writing)
Quantifiers
Question Marks
QUIZZES
Quotation Marks
Reciprocal Pronouns
Redundancy (Avoiding)
Referral Form
Relative Adverbs
Relative Clauses
Relative Pronouns
Reflexive Pronouns
Reported Speech
Research Papers
Restrictive Clauses
Resulting Copulas
Resumes
Resumptive Modifier
Reviews (Literary)
Rhetorical Questions
Run-on Sentences
SEARCH ENGINE
Second Conditional
Sequence of Tenses
Semicolons
Sentence Combining
Sentences (defined)
Sentences (types)
Sentential Clauses
Sequence of Verbs
Serial Comma
Sexism in Language
Shall and Will
Should
Sic
Silent Speech
Simple Predicates
Simple Sentences
Simple Subjects
Single Quote Marks
Slant (or Slash)
Slash (or Virgule)
Solidus (or Slant)
Spelling
Split Infinitives
Sports Teams' Names
Squinting Modifiers
Stacked Noun Phrases
Stative Verbs
Stylistic Fragments
Subject Complements
Subjects
Subject-Verb Agreement
Subject-Verb Inversion
Subjunctive Mood
Subordinate Clause
Subordinating Conjunctions
Summative Modifier
Suffixes
Superlative (Adjectives)
Suspended Compounds
Tag Questions
Tenses of Verbs
Tense Consistency
Than and Then
Than (in comparisons)
That (omitted)
That versus Which
Thesis Statement
Third Conditional
Third-Person Essays
Titles (italics, etc.)
"To Be" Verb
Tone
Topic Sentence
Toward and Towards
Transitions (b/w sentences, par's)
Transitive Verbs
Unbiased Language
Underlining
Understood Subjects
Untriggered Reflexive Pron.
Used to
Verbals
Verbs
Verb Complements
Verb Tense Sequence
Verb Tense Directory
Verb Tenses
Verb Tense Consistency
Vertical (Display) Lists
Viewpoint Adverbs
Virgule (or Slash)
Vocatives
Vocabulary (Building)
Voice (active/passive)
Warning (about Guide use)
Well and Good
Which versus That
Who and Whom
Will and Shall
Will and Would
Wordy versus Concise Sentences
Writers (on writing)
Writer's Block
Zero Articles

 



logo Guide to Grammar
and Writing
logo Principles of
Composition

 

The Guide to Grammar and Writing is sponsored by the Capital Community College Foundation, a nonprofit 501 c-3 organization that supports scholarships, faculty development, and curriculum innovation. If you feel we have provided something of value and wish to show your appreciation, you can assist the College and its students with a tax-deductible contribution.

© http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/
English Grammar: Explanations & Exercises

by Mary Ansell

Second edition, copyright © 2000

This book has the following features:

* All of the essential points of English grammar are covered.

* Each point of grammar is clearly explained, and is illustrated by examples.

* For every important point of grammar, one or more exercises are provided, to make it easier to learn and remember the material.

* Answers for the exercises are provided.

* A summary of the uses and formation of the English verb tenses is given for easy reference.

* Grammatically determined rules for spelling, pronunciation, and punctuation are included.

* The grammar of North American English is emphasized.

* Grammatical differences between formal and informal English are pointed out.

 

Table of Contents | Index

© http://www.ansell-uebersetzungen.com/gramdex.html

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The Internet Grammar of English | UCL

The Internet Grammar of English is an online course in English grammar written primarily for university undergraduates. However, it will be useful to everyone who is interested in the English language. Free!

The Internet Grammar of English

Introduction Word Classes  
Phrases
Introducing Phrases

Clauses

Clauses
Sentences

Form and Function

Introducing Functions
Subject and Predicate
Inside the Predicate
Adjuncts
Sentence Patterns from a Functional Perspective

Functions in Phrases

CLICK HERE TO START >>>

©http://www.ucl.ac.uk/internet-grammar/home.htm

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English 4 Today

 
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HyperGrammar | University of Ottawa

HyperGrammar

Welcome to HyperGrammar electronic grammar course at the University of Ottawa's Writing Centre. This course covers approximately the same ground as our English department's ENG 1320 Grammar course. The content of HyperGrammar is the result of the collaborative work of the four instructors who were teaching the course in Fall 1993: Heather MacFadyen, David Megginson, Frances Peck, and Dorothy Turner. David Megginson was then responsible for editing the grammar and exercises and for converting them to SGML.

This package is designed to allow users a great deal of freedom and creativity as they read about grammar. HyperGrammar allows users to create and follow their own lines of thought. On its first appearance on any page, every grammatical term is linked to its definition. A user reading about nouns might jump to the simple subject, and from there to subordinate clauses -- users are not required or even encouraged to use this material in order.

©http://www.arts.uottawa.ca/writcent/hypergrammar/

 

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Free on-line resources indicated by the University of Chicago

A good, non-commercial service that presents filtered on-line grammar resources. Maintained by the University of Chicago, it is indicated for both native & EFL/ESL students. You are led directly to what you want.

University of Chicago Writing Program
GRAMMAR RESOURCES ON THE WEB

This page describes some of the free grammar and style resources available on-line. The list is updated  about four times a year to add new links and remove dead ones.
©http://writing-program.uchicago.edu/resources/grammar.htm
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